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Category Archives: Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy


10 months ago Physiotherapy

TMJ (Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome)

What is tmj
TMJ is the clinical term that describes the Temporomandibular Joint. It is referred as TMJ as it
links the mandible (lower jaw) and the temporal bone (side of skull). It is a set of muscles that
facilitates opening / closing the mouth for conversing / eating. When this set is disabled due to
some reason, it results in pain and/or a clicking noise each time the mouth is used. Apart from pain
in the mouth, the ailment manifests as discomfort in the neck and the shoulder.
Foods that aid in treating TMJ

  • When suffering from TMJ, is vital to consume foods that are easy on the jaw such as soups /
    stews / smoothies / mashed fruits & vegetables / etc.
  • During an episode of TMJ, smaller quantities food aid as they stabilize the blood sugar. Variance
    in it aggravates the issue as it raises the possibility of grinding teeth.
  • It is vital to continue absorbing the various nutrients by means of steamed vegetables that are
    also easy to chew.
  • The discomfort on account of TMJ may make it difficult to chew on protein and hence, it is
    suggested to consume protein shake instead.
  • The pain and inflammation arising due to TMJ could be minimized, if not eliminated by intake
    of omega 3s present in wild-caught fish.
  • The mineral magnesium is a natural muscle relaxant and its adequate intake ensures comforting
    the tight muscles.
    Foods that aggravate TMJ
  • Alcohol raises the possibility of grinding teeth, while sleeping.
  • Candy such as gum / caramel is hard to chew and therefore, stresses the jaw.
  • Foods that require aggressive biting or demand excessive chewing aggravate TMJ.
  • Caffeine is a diuretic that dehydrates the muscles and raises muscle friction.
  • Sugar lessens the immune response and contributes to raising inflammation.
    Vital nutrients for TMJ
  • The muscles could be eased and the nervous system soothed with magnesium.
  • To ease the muscles the magnesium could be complimented with calcium.
  • Vitamin B complex has been studied to soothe the nerves and manage stress.
  • Soothing the muscles and decreasing the anxiety is facilitated by kava.
    Essential oils for treating TMJ
    Three essential oils that decrease the symptoms of TMJ are,
  • Peppermint essential oil
  • Frankincense essential oil
  • Lavender essential oil
    It is suggested to combine a drop of each of these three essential oils in a quarter tsp of coconut oil
    for dabbing on the affected area. Peppermint decreases the pain, frankincense inhibits the
    inflammation and lavender soothes the muscles.
    General guidelines for treating TMJ with home remedies
  • Warm and cold compresses, applied alternatively, facilitate circulation and thereby, ease the jaw
    muscles.
  • Exercising the mandibular (facial) muscles by stretching, eases the spasms that result in a pining
    jaw bone.
  • Massaging the jaws eases the associated muscles and augments circulation. It is suggested to

massage the temporomandibular joint.

  • An episode of TMJ demands ignoring hard and crunchy foods such as carrots / nuts / celery stcks
    / etc. Softer edibles like soup / pasta / etc. ease the associated pain.
  • Grinding the teeth while sleeping aggravates TMJ and hence, it should be desisted from by using
    an appropriate mouth guard.
  • Stooping also aggravates TMJ pain, as it implies leaning forward that project out the jaw. An
    erect posture instead aligns the neck & the back and minimizes TMJ pain.
  • Sub-consciously people chew on nails / pencils / etc. that stress the jaw muscles by exerting an
    unnecessary pressure, which results in aggravating TMJ pain.
  • Conversing on a mobile with the equipment placed between the cheek and the shoulder exerts
    strain on the jaw. It should be substituted with a headset instead.
  • It is important to abstain from beverages like tea / coffee as they

they could raise the friction between
muscles. Instead, decaffeinated options should be considered.

Exercise Therapy

Physiotherapy is the modern method involving physical measures & exercises to develop, maintain, and restore maximum movement and functional ability throughout the life span by decreasing patient’s pain, disability & agony.

It is the treatment option for Children, youngs & aged.

It includes Electrotherapy, Exercise therapy, Posture correction & re-education, Manual Therapy, Kinesiology, Taping & supportive techniques Yoga Therapy.

Electrical Modalities:
  • IFT ( Interferential Therapy)
  • US ( Ultrasonic Therapy)
  • SWD ( Short Wave Diathermy)
  • TENS ( Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation)
  • MS ( Muscle Stimulator)
  • Hot/ Cold Packs
  • Balance Trainer
  • Laser Therapy
  • Slimmer
  • Vaccum Therapy
  • Deep Heat Therapy
  • Treadmill

Exercise Therapy :

Individualized Exercise Program is our Speciality. We design customised home protocols and exercise programs including Manual stretching and strengthening exercises, balance exercises, Co-ordination exercises, Posture correction, core abdominal exercises, pilates, yoga postures etc.

Prevention is better than cure” is our motto.

Manual Therapy :

We follow various Manual Therapy approaches including Maitland’s Concept, Mulligan’s Concept, Mckenzic Conept, Cyrian concept, Butler Technique, Osteopathic manipulations/Corrections Adjustments to relieve the patient of his/her pain , agony and to strengthen the patient musculature and physical conditioning.

Parkinson’s disease (PD)

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a long-term degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects the motor system. The symptoms generally come on slowly over time.[1] Early in the disease, the most obvious are shaking, rigidity, slowness of movement, and difficulty with walking. Thinking and behavioral problems may also occur. Dementia becomes common in the advanced stages of the disease. Depression and anxiety are also common, occurring in more than a third of people with PD.Other symptoms include sensory, sleep, and emotional problems.The main motor symptoms are collectively called “parkinsonism”, or a “parkinsonian syndrome”.

The cause of Parkinson’s disease is generally unknown, but believed to involve both genetic and environmental factors. Those with a family member affected are more likely to get the disease themselves. There is also an increased risk in people exposed to certain pesticides and among those who have had prior head injuries, while there is a reduced risk in tobacco smokers and those who drink coffee or tea.

Chest physiotherapy (CPT)

Chest physiotherapy (CPT) is the treatments generally performed by physical therapists and respiratory therapists, whereby breathing is improved by the indirect removal of mucus from the breathing passages of a patient. Other terms, used in Australia, include respiratory or cardio thoracic physiotherapy.

Techniques include clapping or percussion: the therapist lightly claps the patient’s chest, back, and area under the arms. Percussion, while effective in the treatment of infants and children, is no longer used in Australia in adults due to the introduction of more effective and self-management focused treatments. These include, but are not limited to, the use of “flutter” or oscillating positive pressure devices, PEP masks or devices (positive expiratory pressure) as well as specific exercise regimes. The exercises prescribed can include specific respiratory exercises e.g. autogenic drainage, as well as general cardiovascular exercises that assist the body to remove sputum and improve the efficiency of oxygen uptake in muscles.

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Why Physiotherapy?

Physiotherapy is the science of rehabilitation and treatment of injuries caused by sports and poor postural habits. Our physiotherapists have developed a wide expertise in assessing where the problem comes from, treating your symptoms and most of all determine the primary bio-mechanical factors to prevent any further injuries to reoccur.

You need physiotherapy when you want:

an explanation of your problem an understanding of the cause of the problem a diagnosis hands on treatment rehabilitation following injury advice on speeding up recovery advice on preventing reoccurence

Physiotherapy can help when you have:

backache sports injuries whiplash work related symptoms had surgery pregnancy related problems stiffness following removal of plaster cast

With us
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Dr.Pramod Kumar
Dr.Pramod Kumar

Arti Hospital & Trauma Centre,Sector-122,Noida
+91-8744835509
+91-7905176166
dr.pramodmathurphysio@gmail.com
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